Facts about Ecstasy
Facts about ecstasy show that this drug is a semi-synthetic drug patented by Merck Pharmaceutical Company in 1914 and abandoned for 60 years. In the late 1970s and early 1980s psychiatrists and psychotherapists in the US used it to facilitate psychotherapy. Source: Greer G and Tolbert R. A Method of Conducting Therapeutic Sessions with MDMA. in Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 30 (1998) 4:371.379.
Facts about ecstasy state that this drug’s effects last 3 to 6 hours. It is a mood elevator that produces feelings of empathy, openness, and well-being. People who take it at all night raves and clubs say they enjoy dancing and feeling close to others. Facts about ecstasy state that this drug is not known to produce violence or physical addiction. Source: Beck J and Rosenbaum M. Pursuit of Ecstasy: The MDMA Experience. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1994.
Facts about ecstasy and the Drug Abuse Warning Network estimate that ecstasy was involved in -- though not necessarily the cause of nine deaths in 1998. According to DAWN's 2002 mortality report: "The DAWN metropolitan area profiles include information on 'club drugs' as a group, combining all mentions of methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or Ecstasy), Ketamine, gamma hydroxy butyrate (GHB) and its precursor gamma butyrolactone (GBL), and flunitrazepam (Rohypnol). As in prior years, these substances accounted for very few deaths in any of the DAWN metropolitan areas. Source: "Club Drugs," The DAWN Report, Drug Abuse Warning Network, Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental health Services Administration (Washington, DC: SAMHSA, December 2000), p. 4; and Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies, "Mortality Data From the Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2002," DAWN Series D25, DHHS Publication No. (SMA) 043875 (Rockville, MD), 2004, pp. 9-10.
Facts about ecstasy have found that some of the deaths due to ecstasy use are related to overheating. This drug slightly raises the user’s body temperature. This is potentially lethal in hot environments where there is vigorous dancing (raves and night clubs) and the lack of adequate fluid replacement. Many of these tragic deaths are preventable with simple harm reduction techniques such as having free water available and rooms where people can rest and relax. Source: C.M. Milroy; J.C. Clark; A.R.W. Forrest, Pathology of deaths associated with "ecstasy" and "eve" misuse, Journal of Clinical Pathology Vol 49 (1996) 149-153.
Facts about ecstasy have found that a major risk associated with ecstasy use is the possibility of obtaining adulterated drugs that may be more toxic than MDMA. Some of the reported deaths attributed to ecstasy use are likely caused by other, more dangerous drugs. Source: Laboratory Pill Analysis Program, DanceSafe. See also, Byard RW et al., Amphetamine derivative fatalities in South Australia-is "Ecstasy" the culprit?, American Journal of Forensic Medical Pathology, 1998 (Sep) 19(3): 261-5.
Facts about ecstasy show that recent studies have indicated that individuals who have used ecstasy may have decreased performance in memory tests compared to nonusers. These studies are presently controversial because they involved people who used a variety of other drugs. Furthermore, it is difficult to rule out possible pre-existing differences between research subjects and controls. Source: E. Gouzoulis-Mayfrank; J. Daumann; F. Tuchtenhagen; S. Pelz; S. Becker;H.J. Kunert; B. Fimm; H. Sass; Impaired cognitive performance in drug free users of recreational ecstasy (MDMA), by Journal Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry Vol 68, June 2000, 719-725; K.I. Bolla; U.D.; McCann; G.A. Ricaurte; Memory impairment in abstinent MDMA ('Ecstasy') users, by Neurology Vol 51, Dec 1998, 1532-1537.